青藏高原中部色林错区域古湖滨线 地貌特征、空间分布及高原湖泊演化

孟恺, 石许华, 王二七, 苏哲. 青藏高原中部色林错区域古湖滨线 地貌特征、空间分布及高原湖泊演化[J]. 地质科学, 2012, 47(3): 730-745.
引用本文: 孟恺, 石许华, 王二七, 苏哲. 青藏高原中部色林错区域古湖滨线 地貌特征、空间分布及高原湖泊演化[J]. 地质科学, 2012, 47(3): 730-745.
Meng Kai, Shi Xuhua, Wang Erchie, Su Zhe. Geomorphic characteristics,spatial distribution of paleoshorelines around the Siling Co area,central Tibetan Plateau, and the lake evolution within the plateau[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2012, 47(3): 730-745.
Citation: Meng Kai, Shi Xuhua, Wang Erchie, Su Zhe. Geomorphic characteristics,spatial distribution of paleoshorelines around the Siling Co area,central Tibetan Plateau, and the lake evolution within the plateau[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2012, 47(3): 730-745.

青藏高原中部色林错区域古湖滨线 地貌特征、空间分布及高原湖泊演化

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  • 中图分类号: P542

Geomorphic characteristics,spatial distribution of paleoshorelines around the Siling Co area,central Tibetan Plateau, and the lake evolution within the plateau

  • 结合新近获得的高精度遥感影像和详细的野外调查,首次对青藏高原内部大型单个湖泊古湖滨线进行了系统的调查测量。综合色林错周边古湖滨线的地貌、沉积及地形特征,本文首次提出色林错周边区域古湖滨线从地貌上可以分为3类: 1)处于高位,保存完好且非常连续的单级"高位古湖滨线"; 2)高于高位古湖滨线、严重退化、只有零散保存的多级"退化古湖滨线"; 3)低于高位古湖滨线、保存最好而非常连续的"低位古湖滨线"。野外系统测量表明,高位古湖滨线高程约4 593 m,最高退化古湖滨线高程为4 640 m。高位古湖滨线一致的高程分布表明: 1)晚更新世高位古湖滨线形成时期存在一个更大的色林错古湖; 2)自晚更新世以来,在色林错周边200 km范围内,不存在构造差异抬升。结合前人对西藏内部大型湖泊古湖滨线的年代学研究及本文的高程测量分析,指出关于晚更新世西藏中东部统一的古大湖——"古羌塘东湖"的提法值得商榷,晚更新世高原内部各大型湖泊更可能是通过河道串联。
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2012-01-06
修回日期:  2012-06-25
刊出日期:  2012-07-25

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