常见稀有气体采样容器研究进展及意义

宋宏, 李立武, 汤庆艳, 鲍坚, 苏天宝, 张家和, 许仕海, 郑国东, 李中平. 2022. 常见稀有气体采样容器研究进展及意义. 地质科学, 57(1): 274-293. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.017
引用本文: 宋宏, 李立武, 汤庆艳, 鲍坚, 苏天宝, 张家和, 许仕海, 郑国东, 李中平. 2022. 常见稀有气体采样容器研究进展及意义. 地质科学, 57(1): 274-293. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.017
Song Hong, Li Liwu, Tang Qingyan, Bao Jian, Su Tianbao, Zhang Jiahe, Xu Shihai, Zheng Guodong, Li Zhongping. 2022. Research progress and significance of common noble gas sampling vessels. Chinese Journal of Geology, 57(1): 274-293. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.017
Citation: Song Hong, Li Liwu, Tang Qingyan, Bao Jian, Su Tianbao, Zhang Jiahe, Xu Shihai, Zheng Guodong, Li Zhongping. 2022. Research progress and significance of common noble gas sampling vessels. Chinese Journal of Geology, 57(1): 274-293. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.017

常见稀有气体采样容器研究进展及意义

  • 基金项目:

    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目(编号:2019QZKK0704)、国家自然科学基金项目(编号:41872073)、甘肃省科技计划项目(编号:18JR3RA266、21JR7RA498)和兰州大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项(编号:lzujbky-2021-ct07)资助。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    宋宏,男,1992年生,博士研究生,地球化学专业。E-mail:songh17@lzu.edu.cn

    通讯作者: 李立武,男,1967年生,博士,研究员,实验地球化学专业。本文通讯作者。E-mail:llwu@lzb.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: P595

Research progress and significance of common noble gas sampling vessels

More Information
  • 稀有气体是地学研究的重要手段之一,在研究成矿流体来源、壳幔相互作用过程中具有重要的研究意义,其组成及同位素比值是研究天体和地质体来源、成岩机理及各种地质和物理化学过程的关键,可作为地球化学示踪剂。如何有效地在大气圈、水圈和岩石圈进行稀有气体同位素样品的提取,是气体同位素研究急需解决的基础科学问题,所以气体采样容器和取样技术显得尤为重要。本文在文献调研的基础上,对常见的采样容器的优缺点进行对比,并总结了不同采样容器对稀有气体取样的优劣性。常见的气体采集容器包括不锈钢瓶、铜管、玻璃瓶、气体采样袋、注射器等,而稀有气体的采集容器常为不锈钢瓶和铜管等;通过对比表明不锈钢瓶具有耐高温、耐高压、抗强腐蚀、不易燃、不易爆等特点和优越性,在气体样品采集和运输过程中稳定性最好,实验效果也最好;铜管采样效果和密封性好,但操作较为复杂;玻璃采样容器效果次之;石英玻璃瓶虽然操作简便,但是运输保存不便;气体采样袋和注射器的采集和运输储存效果较差。因此建议稀有气体样品采集使用不锈钢瓶和铜管以及钠钙材质的玻璃瓶,不建议将石英材质玻璃容器以及注射器和气袋作为稀有气体的采样工具。该工作可为气体地球化学的研究提供新的参考。
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收稿日期:  2021-07-11
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