松辽盆地北部白垩纪青山口组黑色页岩元素地球化学特征及沉积古环境恢复

王岚, 周海燕, 商斐, 周学先. 2022. 松辽盆地北部白垩纪青山口组黑色页岩元素地球化学特征及沉积古环境恢复. 地质科学, 57(1): 156-171. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.010
引用本文: 王岚, 周海燕, 商斐, 周学先. 2022. 松辽盆地北部白垩纪青山口组黑色页岩元素地球化学特征及沉积古环境恢复. 地质科学, 57(1): 156-171. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.010
Wang Lan, Zhou Haiyan, Shang Fei, Zhou Xuexian. 2022. Element geochemical characteristics of black shale and paleo-sedimentary environmental restoration of Qingshankou Formation of the Cretaceous in the northern Songliao Basin. Chinese Journal of Geology, 57(1): 156-171. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.010
Citation: Wang Lan, Zhou Haiyan, Shang Fei, Zhou Xuexian. 2022. Element geochemical characteristics of black shale and paleo-sedimentary environmental restoration of Qingshankou Formation of the Cretaceous in the northern Songliao Basin. Chinese Journal of Geology, 57(1): 156-171. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.010

松辽盆地北部白垩纪青山口组黑色页岩元素地球化学特征及沉积古环境恢复

  • 基金项目:

    国家科技重大专项“重点盆地致密油资源潜力、甜点区预测与关键技术应用”(编号:2016ZX05046-006)资助。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王岚,女,1981年生,博士,高级工程师,沉积学和石油地质学专业。E-mail:wl2008@petrochina.com.cn

  • 中图分类号: P593;P618.13

Element geochemical characteristics of black shale and paleo-sedimentary environmental restoration of Qingshankou Formation of the Cretaceous in the northern Songliao Basin

  • 对松辽盆地北部青山口组118块页岩样品进行有机碳和元素地球化学测试,运用一系列判别古气候、古盐度、古生产力和古氧化还原条件的地化指标,恢复青山口组黑色页岩的沉积环境,探讨富有机质页岩成因机制。青山口组沉积期为温暖半湿润亚热带气候,古气温>15℃,水体为陆相微咸水—半咸水环境,盐度5‰~10‰。青山口组底部发育厚度约30 m的富有机质页岩,TOC最高达到9.39%,自下而上有机碳含量逐渐变低。富有机质页岩Cu、Ni、Mo和Zn含量高,发育大量胶磷矿、藻席,表明青山口组早期湖盆生产力达到峰值,为有机质富集提供物质基础。U元素含量以及V/(V+Ni)、V/Sc比值较高,表明青山口组早期水体为强还原环境,为富有机质页岩保存提供有利条件。中-晚期随着湖盆收缩、水体变浅,还原环境遭到破坏,有机碳含量降低。TOC与古生产力及氧化还原指标呈正相关关系,表明有机质含量的变化主要受控于湖盆生产力和氧化还原环境。古海侵事件带来丰富营养物质,极大提高了湖盆生产力,保证有机质大量供应;同时海侵造成盐度分层,使底部水体的强还原环境不受破坏,促进了有机质的保存。松辽盆地青山口组在白垩纪全球缺氧事件影响下形成了面积约5×104 km2的黑色页岩,是页岩油勘探的重要目标。
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收稿日期:  2021-03-28
修回日期:  2021-09-10

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