准噶尔—天山—北山蛇绿岩:对中亚造山带西南缘洋陆格局演化的制约

高俊, 江拓, 王信水, 李继磊, 翟庆国, 胡培远, 钱青. 2022. 准噶尔—天山—北山蛇绿岩:对中亚造山带西南缘洋陆格局演化的制约. 地质科学, 57(1): 1-42. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.001
引用本文: 高俊, 江拓, 王信水, 李继磊, 翟庆国, 胡培远, 钱青. 2022. 准噶尔—天山—北山蛇绿岩:对中亚造山带西南缘洋陆格局演化的制约. 地质科学, 57(1): 1-42. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.001
Gao Jun, Jiang Tuo, Wang Xinshui, Li Jilei, Zhai Qingguo, Hu Peiyuan, Qian Qing. 2022. The Junggar, Tianshan and Beishan ophiolites: Constraint on the evolution of oceanic and continental framework along the southwestern margin of the Central-Asian Orogenic Belt. Chinese Journal of Geology, 57(1): 1-42. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.001
Citation: Gao Jun, Jiang Tuo, Wang Xinshui, Li Jilei, Zhai Qingguo, Hu Peiyuan, Qian Qing. 2022. The Junggar, Tianshan and Beishan ophiolites: Constraint on the evolution of oceanic and continental framework along the southwestern margin of the Central-Asian Orogenic Belt. Chinese Journal of Geology, 57(1): 1-42. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2022.001

准噶尔—天山—北山蛇绿岩:对中亚造山带西南缘洋陆格局演化的制约

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(编号:41902232,42172234,41772056)和中国地质调查局全国陆域及海区地质图件更新与共享项目(编号:DD20190060)资助。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    高俊,男,1966年生,博士,研究员,构造地质学与岩石学专业。E-mail:gaojun@mail.igcas.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P542;P588.1

The Junggar, Tianshan and Beishan ophiolites: Constraint on the evolution of oceanic and continental framework along the southwestern margin of the Central-Asian Orogenic Belt

  • 准噶尔、天山和北山52个蛇绿岩的地质特征、地球化学性质和同位素年代学资料系统集成研究表明它们可以分为14条蛇绿(混杂)岩带。绝大多数蛇绿岩呈“岩块+基质”的混杂岩型式沿重要断裂带(构造线)线状分布,少数蛇绿岩以构造岩片叠置方式面状产出。混杂岩的基质有蛇纹岩(碳酸盐化蛇纹岩)和糜棱岩化细碎屑岩两类,岩块既有地幔橄榄岩、基性杂岩和基性火山岩等蛇绿岩组分,也有其它非蛇绿岩组分岩石。堆晶岩出露局限,典型席状岩墙群没有发育。这些蛇绿岩可归类为SSZ(Supra-Subduction Zone)和MORB(Mid-OceanRidge)两种类型,前者玄武岩具大离子亲石元素(LILE)富集和高场强元素(HFS)亏损特征,后者不显示该特点;洋岛玄武岩(OIB)既可出现在SSZ型蛇绿混杂岩中,也可为MORB型的组成部分;SSZ型蛇绿混杂岩辉长岩和玄武岩比MORB型具有相对更富集的Sr-Nd同位素组成,但部分形成于弧后(间)盆地的SSZ型蛇绿岩与MORB型一致,具有近亏损地幔的Sr-Nd同位素组成。已确认的最老蛇绿岩为西准噶尔572 Ma玛依勒,次之为北山542~527 Ma月牙山—洗肠井和西准噶尔531 Ma唐巴勒,最年轻蛇绿岩为325 Ma北天山巴音沟和321 Ma北山芨芨台子。根据蛇绿岩证据,结合近年来中亚造山带古地磁、岩浆岩、高压—超高压变质岩和构造地质方面的进展,可以推断埃迪卡拉纪末期—早寒武世,古亚洲洋已达到一定规模宽度,发育洋岛和洋内弧;早古生代时期,多岛洋格局发育至鼎盛期,一系列弧地体分别归属哈萨克斯坦微陆块周缘的科克切塔夫—天山—北山线性弧、成吉思弧、巴尔喀什—西准噶尔弧体系和西伯利亚南部大陆边缘弧体系;晚古生代时期,古亚洲洋于石炭纪末期闭合,增生杂岩和弧地体组成哈萨克斯坦拼贴体系和蒙古拼贴体系两个巨型山弯构造。
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