西天山造山带晚古生代构造演化和成矿作用

李紫源, 肖文交, 谢明财, 韩春明. 2021. 西天山造山带晚古生代构造演化和成矿作用. 地质科学, 56(3): 701-729. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2021.035
引用本文: 李紫源, 肖文交, 谢明财, 韩春明. 2021. 西天山造山带晚古生代构造演化和成矿作用. 地质科学, 56(3): 701-729. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2021.035
Li Ziyuan, Xiao Wenjiao, Xie Mingcai, Han Chunming. 2021. Late Paleozoic tectonic evolution and mineralization in the western Tianshan orogenic belt. Chinese Journal of Geology, 56(3): 701-729. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2021.035
Citation: Li Ziyuan, Xiao Wenjiao, Xie Mingcai, Han Chunming. 2021. Late Paleozoic tectonic evolution and mineralization in the western Tianshan orogenic belt. Chinese Journal of Geology, 56(3): 701-729. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2021.035

西天山造山带晚古生代构造演化和成矿作用

  • 基金项目:

    国家重点研发计划项目(编号:2018YFC0604004,2017YFC0601206)资助。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李紫源,男,1997年生,硕士研究生,矿产普查与勘探专业。E-mail:liziyuan19@mails.ucas.ac.cn

    通讯作者: 韩春明,男,1963年生,博士,研究员,矿物学、岩石学、矿床学专业。本文通讯作者。E-mail:cm-han@mail.iggcas.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: P542

Late Paleozoic tectonic evolution and mineralization in the western Tianshan orogenic belt

More Information
  • 西天山是我国重要的内生金属矿床集中区,其矿种包括有铜、镍、钼、铁、金、锌等,这些矿产在前寒武纪和显生宙的地质历史中分别形成了大量的成矿体系。通过对西天山成矿地质背景和成矿类型的研究,厘定了5种内生金属矿床类型:1)岩浆型铜镍矿床;2)斑岩铜钼矿床;3)火山岩型铁矿床;4)浅成低温热液型金矿床;5)造山型金铜矿床。典型矿床有菁布拉克铜镍矿床、达巴特铜钼矿床、喇嘛苏铜矿床、敦德铁锌矿床、备战铁矿床、阿希金矿、伊尔曼得金矿床和卡特巴阿苏金矿床等。从构造上看,这些矿床的发育与西天山造山带的增生和汇聚作用密切相关。矿床的形成经历了3个主要阶:早志留世,南天山洋北向俯冲于伊犁—中天山地块之下,形成与铜镍矿床有关的菁布拉克岩体;早-晚石炭世,由于北向俯冲作用,形成了斑岩型铜金矿床、低温热液型金矿床和火山岩型铁矿床;晚石炭世早期,南天山洋壳可能被消耗殆尽,导致了塔里木克拉通与南天山造山带的碰撞。大花岗岩体广泛分布于北天山增生楔和伊犁—中天山地块,并伴随造山型的金矿床形成。
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2020-11-30
修回日期:  2021-01-10
刊出日期:  2021-09-01

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