塔里木盆地玉东—玛东构造带断层相关褶皱样式及演化

田亚杰 汤良杰 余腾孝 郭 颖 岳 勇 李九梅. 塔里木盆地玉东—玛东构造带断层相关褶皱样式及演化[J]. 地质科学, 2017, 52(1): 15-33. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2017.001
引用本文: 田亚杰 汤良杰 余腾孝 郭 颖 岳 勇 李九梅. 塔里木盆地玉东—玛东构造带断层相关褶皱样式及演化[J]. 地质科学, 2017, 52(1): 15-33. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2017.001
Tian Yajie. Structural style and evolution of fault-related folds in Yudong-Madong structural belt,Tarim Basin[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2017, 52(1): 15-33. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2017.001
Citation: Tian Yajie. Structural style and evolution of fault-related folds in Yudong-Madong structural belt,Tarim Basin[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2017, 52(1): 15-33. doi: 10.12017/dzkx.2017.001

塔里木盆地玉东—玛东构造带断层相关褶皱样式及演化

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: P542

Structural style and evolution of fault-related folds in Yudong-Madong structural belt,Tarim Basin

  • 玉东—玛东构造带位于塔里木盆地,是在中寒武统膏盐层上滑脱的大规模褶皱冲断带,内部发育多种断层相关褶皱。目前对此构造带的研究,多关注了构造带的局部以及断裂变形。本文根据断层相关褶皱理论,利用地震资料,分析了玉东—玛东构造带内构造样式上的差异性,并通过二维构造正演模拟,建立了典型构造样式的运动学模式。认为研究区内玉东、玛东、塘北3个分区,具有不同的构造样式。玉东地区主要发育和铲式逆断层相关的断弯褶皱,玛东、塘北地区则发育断层突破的滑脱褶皱,突破断层在玛东地区为铲式断裂,而在塘北地区为坪—坡—坪式断裂。根据上奥陶统变形特征及其顶面不整合面之上的地层年代,认为玉东—玛东构造带的变形始于晚奥陶世,主要断裂及其相关褶皱形成于晚奥陶世末期。玉东地区在晚奥陶世早期,形成基底—盖层的低幅褶皱,在晚奥陶世末,形成铲式断裂及断弯褶皱;玛东和塘北地区变形发生在上奥陶统沉积之后,经历了滑脱褶皱和断层突破阶段。通过对比分析认为,断层相关褶皱样式的差异,与膏盐层岩性、厚度,上奥陶统岩性、厚度及构造转换作用有关。本研究有助于完善对塔里木盆地早古生代末期构造变形及演化的认识。
  • 加载中
  • [1]

    陈 刚,汤良杰,余腾孝等. 2014. 塔里木盆地玉北冲断带分期活动特征及其控油气作用. 中国矿业大学学报,43(5):870?879.

    [2]

    Chen Gang,Tang Liangjie,Yu Tengxiao et al. 2014. Poly?phase fault activities and the control on hydrocarbon accumulation of Yubei thrust belt,Tarim Basin. Journal of China University of Mining and Technology,43(5):870?879.

    [3]

    何碧竹,焦存礼,许志琴等. 2011. 阿尔金—西昆仑加里东中晚期构造作用在塔里木盆地塘古兹巴斯凹陷中的响应. 岩石学报,27(11):3435?3448.

    [4]

    He Bizhu,Jiao Cunli,Xu Zhiqin et al. 2011. Manifestation of the Middle?Late Caledonian tectonic movement along the Altun?West Kunlun orogenic belt in the Tangguzibas depression,Tarim Basin. Acta Perologica Sinica,27(11):3435?3448.

    [5]

    何登发,Suppe J,贾承造. 2005. 断层相关褶皱理论与应用研究新进展. 地学前缘,12(4):353?364.

    [6]

    He Dengfa,Suppe J and Jia Chengzao. 2005. New advances in theory and application of fault?related folding. Earth Science Frontiers,12(4):353?364.

    [7]

    黄太柱. 2014. 塔里木盆地玉北地区断裂系统解析. 石油与天然气地质,35(1):98?106.

    [8]

    Huang Taizhu. 2014. Analysis on the fault system of Yubei region,Tarim Basin. Oil & Gas Geology,35(1):98?106.

    [9]

    李浩武,邬光辉,史玲玲等. 2013. 塔里木盆地西部玛东冲断带构造特征与形成演化. 新疆地质,31(3):180?185.

    [10]

    Li Haowu,Wu Guanghui,Shi Lingling et al. 2013. The structural features and evolution series of Madong thrust belt,west of Tarim Basin. Xinjiang Geology,31(3):180?185.

    [11]

    李浩武,王建君,邬光辉等. 2014. 塔里木盆地塘古孜巴斯坳陷西部中加里东期断裂特征及形成机制. 中南大学学报(自然科学版),45(12):4331?4341.

    [12]

    Li Haowu,Wang Jianjun,Wu Guanghui et al. 2014. Features and formation mechanism of Middle Caledonian faults in west of Tangguzibasi depression,Tarim Basin. Journal of Central South University (Science and Technology),45(12):4331?4341.

    [13]

    李曰俊,吴根耀,孟庆龙等. 2008. 塔里木西部地区古生代断裂活动的方式和机制. 地质科学,43(4):727?745.

    [14]

    Li Yuejun,Wu Genyao,Meng Qinglong et al. 2008. Active modes and mechanisms of the Paleozoic faultings in western Tarim. Chinese Journal of Geology,43(4):727?745.

    [15]

    马庆佑,吕海涛,蒋华山等. 2015. 塔里木盆地台盆区构造单元划分方案. 海相油气地质,20(1):1?9.

    [16]

    Ma Qingyou,Lü Haitao,Jiang Huashan et al. 2015. A division program of structural units in the Paleozoic platform?basin region,Tarim Basin. Marine Origin Petroleum Geology,20(1):1?9.

    [17]

    任建业,张俊霞,阳怀忠等. 2011. 塔里木盆地中央隆起带断裂系统分析. 岩石学报,27(1):219?230.

    [18]

    Ren Jianye,Zhang Junxia,Yang Huaizhong et al. 2011. Analysis of fault systems in the central uplift,Tarim Basin. Acta Petrologica Sinica,27(1):219?230.

    [19]

    唐鹏程,饶 刚,李世琴等. 2015. 库车褶皱—冲断带前缘盐层厚度对滑脱褶皱构造特征及演化的影响. 地学前缘,22(1):312?327.

    [20]

    Tang Pengcheng,Rao Gang,Li Shiqin et al. 2015. The impact of salt layer thickness on the structural characteristics and evolution of detachment folds in the leading edge of Kuqa fold and thrust belt. Earth Science Frontiers,22(1):312?327.

    [21]

    邬光辉,罗春树,胡太平等. 2007. 褶皱相关断层——以库车坳陷新生界盐上构造层为例. 地质科学,42(3):496?505.

    [22]

    Wu Guanghui,Luo Chunshu,Hu Taiping et al. 2007. Fold?related faulting:An example from the Cenozoic salt?overlying beds in the Kuqa depression. Chinese Journal of Geology,42(3):496?505.

    [23]

    杨 勇,汤良杰,余腾孝等. 2014. 塔里木盆地玉北三维区撕裂断层特征及形成机制. 中国矿业大学学报,43(3):442?447.

    [24]

    Yang Yong,Tang Liangjie,Yu Tengxiao et al. 2014. Deformation characteristics and formation mechanism of tear faults in Yubei 3D area,Tarim Basin. Journal of China University of Mining and Technology,43(3):442?447.

    [25]

    云金表,周 波,王书荣. 2013. 塔里木盆地玉北1井背斜带变形特征与形成机制. 石油与天然气地质,34(2):215?219.

    [26]

    Yun Jinbiao,Zhou Bo and Wang Shurong. 2013. Deformation characteristics and forming mechanism of the Well Yubei 1 anticline belt in the Tarim Basin. Oil & Gas Geology,34(2):215?219.

    [27]

    Brandes C and Tanner D C. 2014. Fault?related folding:A review of kinematic models and their application. Earth?Science Reviews,138:352?370.

    [28]

    Briggs S E,Davies R J and Cartwright J A et al. 2006. Multiple detachment levels and their control on fold styles in the compressional domain of the deepwater west Niger Delta. Basin Research,18(4):435?450.

    [29]

    Contreras J. 2010. A model for low amplitude detachment folding and syntectonic stratigraphy based on the conservation of mass equation. Journal of Structural Geology,32(4):566?579.

    [30]

    Davis D M and Engelder T. 1985. The role of salt in fold?and?thrust belts. Tectonophysics,119(1?4):67?88.

    [31]

    Faisal S and Dixon J M. 2015. Physical analog (centrifuge) model investigation of contrasting structural styles in the Salt Range and Potwar Plateau,northern Pakistan. Journal of Structural Geology,77(5):277?292.

    [32]

    Ghazian R K and Buiter S J H. 2014. Numerical modelling of the role of salt in continental collision:An application to the Southeast Zagros fold?and?thrust belt. Tectonophysics,632:96?110.

    [33]

    Gillespie P,Van Hagen J V,Wessels S et al. 2015. Hierarchical kink band development in the Appalachian Plateau decollement sheet. AAPG Bulletin,99(1):51?76.

    [34]

    Hughes A N,Benesh N P and Shaw J H. 2014. Factors that control the development of fault?bend versus fault?propagation folds:Insights from mechanical models based on the discrete element method (DEM). Journal of Structural Geology,68(A):121?141.

    [35]

    Jadamec M A and Wallace W K. 2014. Thrust?breakthrough of asymmetric anticlines:Observational constraints from surveys in the Brooks Range,Alaska. Journal of Structural Geology,62:109?124.

    [36]

    Jamison W R. 1987. Geometric analysis of fold development in overthrust terranes. Journal of Structural Geology,9(2):207?219.

    [37]

    Medwedeff D A and Suppe J. 1997. Multibend fault?bend folding. Journal of Structural Geology,19(3?4):279?292.

    [38]

    Mitra S. 2002. Structural models of faulted detachment folds. AAPG Bulletin,86(9):1673?1694.

    [39]

    Molinaro M,Guezou J C,Leturmy P et al. 2004. The origin of changes in structural style across the Bandar Abbas syntaxis,SE Zagros (Iran). Marine and Petroleum Geology,21(6):735?752.

    [40]

    Morley C K,King R,Hillis R et al. 2011. Deepwater fold and thrust belt classification,tectonics,structure and hydrocarbon prospectivity:A review. Earth?Science Reviews,104(1?3):41?91.

    [41]

    Najafi M,Yassaghi A,Bahroudi A et al. 2014. Impact of the Late Triassic Dashtak intermediate detachment horizon on anticline geometry in the central Frontal Fars,SE Zagros fold belt,Iran. Marine and Petroleum Geology,54:23?36.

    [42]

    Pace P and Calamita F. 2015. Coalescence of fault?bend and fault?propagation folding in curved thrust systems:An insight from the Central Apennines,Italy. Terra Nova,l27(3):175?183.

    [43]

    Poblet J and McClay K. 1996. Geometry and kinematics of single?layer detachment folds. AAPG Bulletin,80(7):1085?1109.

    [44]

    Qayyum M,Spratt D A,Dixon J M et al. 2015. Displacement transfer from fault?bend to fault?propagation fold geometry:An example from the Himalayan thrust front. Journal of Structural Geology,77:260?276.

    [45]

    Rocha E and Cristallini E O. 2015. Controls on structural styles along the deformation front of the Subandean zone of southern Bolivia. Journal of Structural Geology,73:83?96.

    [46]

    Rowan M G. 1997. Three?dimensional geometry and evolution of a segmented detachment fold,Mississippi Fan foldbelt,Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Structural Geology,19(3?4):463?480.

    [47]

    Ruh J B,Kaus B J P and Burg J P. 2012. Numerical investigation of deformation mechanics in fold?and?thrust belts:Influence of rheology of single and multiple décollements. Tectonics,31(3):DOI:10. 1029/2011TC003047.

    [48]

    Sak P B,McQuarrie N,Oliver B P et al. 2012. Unraveling the central Appalachian fold?thrust belt,Pennsylvania:The power of sequentially restored balanced cross sections for a blind fold?thrust belt. Geosphere,8(3):685?702.

    [49]

    Schmidt C,Whisner S C and Whisner J B. 2014. Folding of a detachment and fault?Modified detachment folding along a lateral ramp,southwestern Montana,USA. Journal of Structural Geology,69(B):334?350.

    [50]

    Sepehr M,Cosgrove J and Moieni M. 2006. The impact of cover rock rheology on the style of folding in the Zagros fold?thrust belt. Tectonophysics,427(1?4):265?281.

    [51]

    Shaw J H,Connors C D and Suppe J. 2005. Seismic Interpretation of Contractional Fault?related Folds:An AAPG Seismic Atlas (AAPG Studies in Geology,No.53). Tulsa:American Association of Petroleum Geologists. 1?156.

    [52]

    Suppe J. 1983. Geometry and kinematics of fault?bend folding. American Journal of Science,283(7):684?721.

    [53]

    Suppe J and Medwedeff D A. 1990. Geometry and kinematics of fault?propagation folding. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae,83(3):409?454.

    [54]

    Tanner D C,Behrmann J H and Dresmann H. 2003. Three?dimensional retro?deformation of the Lechtal Nappe,northern Calcareous Alps. Journal of Structural Geology,25(5):737?748.

    [55]

    Wallace W K and Homza T X. 2004. Detachment folds versus fault?propagation folds,and their truncation by thrust faults. AAPG Memoir,82:324?355.

    [56]

    Ziesch J,Tanner D C and Krawczyk C M. 2014. Strain associated with the fault?parallel flow algorithm during kinematic fault displacement. Mathematical Geosciences,46(1):59?73.

  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1906
  • PDF下载数:  644
  • 施引文献:  0
出版历程
收稿日期:  2015-10-22
修回日期:  2015-12-27
刊出日期:  2017-01-25

目录