广西崇左早更新世与巨猿共生的扶绥犀新材料

严亚玲, 王元, 刘毅弘, 朱敏, 金昌柱. 广西崇左早更新世与巨猿共生的扶绥犀新材料[J]. 第四纪研究, 2017, 37(4): 813-820. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2017.04.14
引用本文: 严亚玲, 王元, 刘毅弘, 朱敏, 金昌柱. 广西崇左早更新世与巨猿共生的扶绥犀新材料[J]. 第四纪研究, 2017, 37(4): 813-820. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2017.04.14
严亚玲, 王元, 刘毅弘, 朱敏, 金昌柱. 广西崇左早更新世与巨猿共生的扶绥犀新材料[J]. 第四纪研究, 2017, 37(4): 813-820. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2017.04.14 Yan Yaling, Wang Yuan, Liu Yihong, Zhu Min, Jin Changzhu. NEW DENTAL REMAINS OF RHINOCEROS FUSUIENSIS ASSOCIATED WITH GIGANTOPITHECUS BLACKI FROM THE EARLY PLEISTOCENE CHONGZUO CAVES, GUANGXI, SOUTH CHINA[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2017, 37(4): 813-820. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2017.04.14
Citation: Yan Yaling, Wang Yuan, Liu Yihong, Zhu Min, Jin Changzhu. NEW DENTAL REMAINS OF RHINOCEROS FUSUIENSIS ASSOCIATED WITH GIGANTOPITHECUS BLACKI FROM THE EARLY PLEISTOCENE CHONGZUO CAVES, GUANGXI, SOUTH CHINA[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 2017, 37(4): 813-820. doi: 10.11928/j.issn.1001-7410.2017.04.14

广西崇左早更新世与巨猿共生的扶绥犀新材料

  • 基金项目:

    河北地质大学博士启动基金和中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所现代古生物学和地层学国家重点实验室开放基金项目(批准号:143109)共同资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    严亚玲  女  30岁  助理研究员  古生物学与地层学专业  E-mail:yanya50ling@126.com

    通讯作者: 王元  E-mail:xiaowangyuan@ivpp.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: Q915.874;P534.63+1

NEW DENTAL REMAINS OF RHINOCEROS FUSUIENSIS ASSOCIATED WITH GIGANTOPITHECUS BLACKI FROM THE EARLY PLEISTOCENE CHONGZUO CAVES, GUANGXI, SOUTH CHINA

More Information
  • 广西崇左地区第四纪喀斯特溶洞发育,洞穴堆积中常含有丰富的哺乳动物化石,十余年的地质古生物调查中已发现多处第四纪不同时期的含有步氏巨猿(Gigantopithecus blacki)的洞穴化石点,共生的动物群中,独角犀(Rhinoceros)是化石数量最多、演化特征最显著的种类之一,对生物地层和环境变化有重要的指示意义。本文系统研究了产自崇左早更新世的鲤鱼山百孔洞和泊岳山巨猿洞的独角犀新材料,依据化石牙齿的大小和基本形态特征将其归入化石扶绥犀(Rhinoceros fusuiensis);此外,通过化石种和现生种冠高指数的比较研究表明,扶绥犀很可能栖息于温暖潮湿的森林环境中,这与现存于东南亚的苏门答腊犀的生活环境接近。扶绥犀是一种生存于早更新世早期(2.5~1.8Ma B.P.)的独角犀化石种,它往往与步氏巨猿(G. blacki)、中华乳齿象(Sinomastodon)、桑氏硕鬣狗(Pachycrocuta licenti)、小种大熊猫(Ailuropoda microta)或武陵山大熊猫(A. wulingshanensis)以及山原貘(Tapirus sanyuanensis)或中国貘(T. sinensis)等动物共生,主要分布于中国南方,尤以广西地区最为集中。

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  • 图 1 

    广西崇左生态公园周边的鲤鱼山百孔洞、泊岳山巨猿洞以及其他巨猿化石点

    Figure 1. 

    Geographical distribution of Baikong cave of Liyu Mountain, Juyuan cave of Boyue Mountain and other Gigantopithecus cave sites in the vicinity of the Chongzuo Ecological Park, Guangxi

    图 2 

    广西崇左鲤鱼山百孔洞中的扶绥犀化石

    Figure 2. 

    Fossil teeth of Rhinoceros fusuiensis from Baikong cave of Liyu Mountain, Chongzuo, Guangxi. (A)left DP1(V22698.01), (B)left DP3(V22698.02), (C)left M2(V22698.08), (D)left M3(V22698.09); A1~D1, occlusal view, A2~D2, buccal view

    图 3 

    鲤鱼山百孔洞的扶绥犀与其他犀类颊齿大小的散点图

    Figure 3. 

    Scatter diagram of cheek teeth of Rhinoceros fusuiensis from Baikong cave of Liyu Mountain and other rhinos. There are four types of rhino showing in the figure: green for R. sondaicus, cyan for R. sinensis, purple for R. fusuiensis from Yanliang cave, black for R. fusuiensis from Baikong cave, brown for Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. L for length of teeth, W for width of teeth

    图 4 

    化石扶绥犀的地理分布示意图

    Figure 4. 

    Geographical distribution of fossil Rhinoceros fusuiensis

    表 1 

    广西崇左扶绥犀新材料的上颊齿测量(mm)

    Table 1. 

    Measurements of upper cheek teeth of Rhinoceros fusuiensis from Chongzuo, Guangxi(mm)

    标本号 牙齿 前宽 后宽 前尖高
    V22698.01 DP1 25.2 17.9
    V22698.02 DP3 41 38.7 35.9 31.5
    V22679.02 DP3 39 39 36
    V22698.04 M1 50 56.4 47.5
    V22698.07 M1 52.7
    V22698.08 M2 53.8 57.3 47.4
    V22698.09 M3 50.1 48.2 39
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2 

    广西崇左扶绥犀新材料的下颊齿测量(mm)

    Table 2. 

    Measurements of lower cheek teeth of Rhinoceros fusuiensis from Chongzuo, Guangxi(mm)

    标本号 牙齿 前宽 后宽 下后尖高 下内尖高
    V22698.10 dp2 37.9 16.2 19.8
    V22698.11 dp2 34.6 15.1 17.6
    V22698.12 dp2 19.3
    V22698.13 dp3 38.2 18.1 17.9 24 19.5
    V22698.14 dp3 40.4 20.6 19.4 17.5 13.6
    V22698.15 dp4 39.2 19.2 20.6 24.6 24.3
    V22698.16 dp4 41.3 18 20.2
    V22698.17 dp4 39 19.7 20.5
    V22698.18 p3 29.5 18.1 18.6
    V22698.19 p3 34.3 17.7 20.5
    V22698.21 p3 19 18.7
    V22679.05 p3 30 18 17
    V22698.22 p4 35.8 20.3 22.1
    V22698.23 p4 37.9 18.7 21.7
    V22698.24 p4 22.3 21.3
    V22698.25 m1 29.9 21.8 24.7
    V22698.26 m1 24
    V22698.27 m1 25.4
    V22698.28 m2 41.3 24.3 27.3
    V22698.29 m2 35.5 23.9 26.8
    V22698.30 m2 37.5 23.6 25.4
    V22698.31 m2 44.3 25.6 24.9
    V22698.32 右m2 26.9
    V22698.33 右m3 46.2 24.7 25
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2017-01-23
修回日期:  2017-04-22
刊出日期:  2017-07-30

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