The Kuqa rejuvenated foreland basin (KRFB) is located along the northern flank of the Tarim basin. The characteristics of sedimentation and structure reveal a typical foreland basin. The KRFB, superimposed on the Late Permian-Triassic foreland basin, was created from the early sedimentary period of Jidike formation (25Ma B.P.), and resulted from the remote tectonic effect of India-Tibet collision. The thrusts in KRFB consisted of shallow and deep level structures which were inconsistency and disharmonic in varied levels. The flat-ramp faulting and fault-related folding in KRFB migrated from foothill of Tianshan Mountains to the basin in sequence of piggyback, and they were formed during orogeny from the Late Oligocene to now. The intercontinental subjection and intracrustal decollement-shortening which resulted from India-Tibet collision were effective forming mechanism of the KRFB.