The creation of the Altai orogenic belt experienced four main stages, i.e., orogenic starting period, orogenic intermittent extensional period, main orogenic period and post-orogenic extensional period. The mineralizing processes of Cu poly metal deposit in the foreland, the Au deposit in the southern margin and rare metal ore deposit in the Altai Mts. area were analysed, which was closely related to the orogenic process, namely, there occurred a unified process for both the Altai orogenic belt and the Altai Mts. tectono-metellogenic province. Based on the consistency of the tectonics, fluids and mineralization, a metallogenic model of the Altai Mts. tectono-metellogenic province was put forward.