The deformation and metamorphism of the Carboniferous coals, located in the northern foreland basin of the Dabie Orogenic Belt in the central China, were studied, based on which three predominant types of coal deformation metamorphism were divided, namely, tectono-thermal metamorphism, telemagmatic metamorphism and regional metamorphism. The coal samples of tectono-thermal metamorphic type were from a strong shear zone, whose anisotropy of vitrinite reflectance was intensive. Among the three groups of coal samples, Lc of the tectono thermal metamorphic type was the largest, both the La/Lc and d002 values were the smallest. Some graphite texture in coal could be observed under TEM. These features suggested that coal was undergone dynamic metamorphism in varying degrees. The coal samples of telemagmatic metamorphic type were affected by abnormally high temperature near a granite intrusive in age of Mesozoic, which had large Romax and Robi and nonhomogeneous texture under the microscope. La/ Lc value of this type was the largest among the three metamorphism types. The Romax value of regional metamorphic coal was the smallest among the three types but far larger than that of coal within craton basin in the same geological age, which demonstrated a high evolution degree of organic matters on the tectono-thermal activity background near an orogenic belt.