The Mantou Formation is one key strata on the North China craton, generally consisted of the finely terrigenous deposits dominantly with carbonate intercalations, which were interpreted as sediments of tidal flats and barrier island-lagoon complexes previously. The turbidities and olistostromes in the lower part of the formation were discovered firstly at Zhonggong commune, Jinan city, and Jiulongshan, Xintai city, indicating that the Early Cambrian deposits should occur in the pelagic to shallow sea, and an old slope and tectonic uplifting had ever existed in the North China craton. A study on geological characters of the turbidities and olistostromes in the formation must be important not only to recognize the Paleozoic palaeogeography of the North China, but also to provide some indictors for the mechanism of the buried hill and oil-gas exploration within these buried hills in and around the Bohai Bay Basin.
Yan Zhen,Yang Changchun,Li Jiliang et al. FEATURES OF TURBIDITES AND OLISTOSTROME IN THE MANTOU FORMATION IN JINAN AND XINTAI, SHANDONG, AND ITS TECTONIC SIGNIFICANCE[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2005, (4): 579-584.