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地质科学  2006, Vol. Issue (4): 612-635    DOI:
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陆相断陷盆地岩性油气藏形成与分布的“多元控油—主元成藏”特征
刘震1, 赵阳1, 杜金虎2, 肖伟1, 金博1, 许晓明1, 梁全胜1, 郝琦1
1. 石油大学石油天然气成藏机理教育部重点实验室, 北京, 102249;
2. 中国石油天然气有限公司勘探与生产分公司, 北京, 100011
CHARACTERISTICS OF“MULTI-FACTOR CONTROLLING AND KEYFACTOR ENTRAPPING”OF FORMATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF LITHOLOGIC PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS IN CONTINENTAL RIFT BASIN
Liu Zhen1, Zhao Yang1, Du Jinhu2, Xiao Wei1, Jin Bo1, Xu Xiaoming1, Liang Quansheng1, Hao Qi1
1. Key Laboratory for Hydrocarbon Accumulation Mechanism, Ministry of Education, University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249;
2. Exploration and Production Branch Company, China National Petroleum Corp., Beijing 100011
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摘要 陆相断陷盆地岩性油气藏的形成和分布受到多种因素的控制(包括多项宏观地质因素和微观地质因素),很难用一个统一的模式来解释,表现出显著的“差异性”特征。岩性油气藏形成并分布在沉积盆地中,它必然首先要受盆地中宏观石油地质条件的影响,如:1)构造带类型的影响,2)沉积体系域类型的控制,3)储集相类型的控制,4)烃源岩的控制以及5)盆地温—压系统的控制等。根据岩性油气藏形成的基本条件和岩性圈闭成藏控制因素的分析,认为岩性圈闭能否成藏主要受4大主控因素制约:1)油气运移通道因素,2)流体动力因素,3)储层临界物性因素,和4)砂体封闭因素。本文力图用“多元控油—主元成藏”规律来概括这一特征,以期在石油地质理论和岩性油气藏勘探方面起到促进作用。
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作者相关文章
刘震
赵阳
杜金虎
肖伟
金博
许晓明
梁全胜
郝琦
关键词岩性油气藏   “多元控油—主元成藏”   形成与分布特征   陆相断陷盆地     
Abstract: The formation and accumulation of lithologic petroleum reservoir in continental rift basin might be influenced by several factors which showed remarkable differential properties, so it was too difficult to explain them using only one single model. The concerned affecting factors might be as follows: the structural belt, tract systems, reservoir phases, source rocks, temperature-pressure systems, as well as basement types of a basin. Based on comprehensive analyses of the relationships among the characters and conditions of lithologic petroleum reservoir’s formation and controlling factors, the paper concluded that whether the lithologic trap could form reservoir or not, it was usually controlled by four major factors: the pass ways of hydrocarbon migration, dynamic conditions of hydrocarbon flow, physical properties of reservoir and the sealing conditions of sand body. The authors aimed to summarize the characteristics by reservoir character of“multi-factor controlling and key-factor entrapping”, so as to play a pushing role both in the theory of petroleum geology and the exploration practice of lithologic petroleum reservoir.
Key wordsLithologic petroleum reservoir   “Multi-factor controlling and key-factor entrapping”   Characteristics of formation and distribution   Continental rift basin   
收稿日期: 2005-04-12;
引用本文:   
刘震,赵阳,杜金虎等. 2006, 陆相断陷盆地岩性油气藏形成与分布的“多元控油—主元成藏”特征. 地质科学, (4): 612-635.
Liu Zhen,Zhao Yang,Du Jinhu et al. CHARACTERISTICS OF“MULTI-FACTOR CONTROLLING AND KEYFACTOR ENTRAPPING”OF FORMATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF LITHOLOGIC PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS IN CONTINENTAL RIFT BASIN[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2006, (4): 612-635.
 
没有本文参考文献
[1] 王显东1,2,3 贾承造4 曹瑞成5 蒙启安3 张革3 张宏3 王凤来5. 断陷盆地岩性油气藏快速勘探的实用地质-地震相结合配套技术[J]. 地质科学, 2011, 46(04): 1132-1144.
 
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