The attractive problem of the geomorphology and geology of Quaternary period in Mount Jolmo Lungma region, i.e. the recent uplift of Himalayas and its relation to the Quaternary Ice Age and paleoclimate, is discussed specially in this paper.Based on the abundant pollen and plant fossils and the traces of the ancient snowline, the influences of the climatic factor have been separated from neoteetonic one and the following two conclusions can be constructed.1. The Quaternary uplift of the axis part of the Himalayas approaches 3,000 m. During the early, middle and late Pleistocene and the "Yali stage" of the Holocene the Himalayan uplift are of about 2,400 m, 2,000-2,300 m, 1,400 m and 300 m respectively. The uplift of the northern slope of the Himalayas is of less magnitude.2. Before the middle Pleistocene the uplift of the Himalayas was favourable to the development of glaciers. Since the late Pleistocene, the Himalayan range has uplifted to considerably great elevation and has become an effective climatic barrier for Indian Monsoon. This gives to the northern slope of the Himalayas and the Xizang Plateau a cold and dry continental climate, and therefore, the development of glaciers is more and less restricted.
. 1975, 喜马拉雅山脉近期上升的探讨. 地质科学, 10(3): 243-252.
. ON THE RECENT UPLIFT OF THE HIMALAYAS[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 1975, 10(3): 243-252.