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地质科学  2010, Vol. 45 Issue (03): 777-788    DOI:
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岩性圈闭盖层封闭动力学模型及其应用研究
梁全胜1 郝琦1 张丽霞1 任来义1 刘震2 李春霞1 樊春梅1 何小胡3
(1.延长石油(集团)有限责任公司研究院西安 710075; |2.中国石油大学石油与天然气成藏机理教育部重点实验室北京 102249; |3.中海石油(中国)有限公司湛江分公司研究院广东湛江 524057
Hydrocarbon sealing dynamic model research and application for shale cap rock of lithological reservoir
Liang Quansheng1 Hao Qi1 Zhang Lixia1 Ren Laiyi1 Liu Zhen2 Li Chunxia1 Fan Chunmei1 He Xiaohu3
1.Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum (Group) Corp. Ltd. Research Institute|Xian 710075; |2.National Key Laboratory for Petroleum Resources and Prospecting|China University of Petroleum|Beijing 102249; 3.CNOOC (China) Coro || Ltd. Zhanjiang Branch Institute|Zhanjiang Guangdong 524057
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摘要 

岩性圈闭的泥页岩盖层阻止油气突破的过程是一个阻力克服动力的过程,本文在此基础上建立了岩性圈闭盖层封闭动力学模型及相应的数学模型。该模型认为岩性油气藏中的油气突破泥岩盖层的过程也是一个力学平衡现象,动力包括储集层地层压力、浮力,阻力主要包括盖层地层压力、毛管压力。通过对单井古孔隙度及古埋深的恢复,可以对比成藏期目的层油气突破泥岩盖层的动力与阻力之间的大小关系,定量研究泥岩盖层封闭性演化过程。应用该模型发现,白家海凸起彩43井侏罗系三工河组及西山窑组在侏罗纪末期缺乏有效泥岩盖层,白垩纪末期三工河组中下部存在有效盖层,而西山窑组盖层的封闭能力一般。

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关键词岩性圈闭 盖层封闭动力学模型 力学平衡 油气充注突破状态     
Abstract

The processing of shale cap rock preventing hydrocarbon breakthrough in lithological reservoir is a course of impetus subdue resistance. On the basis of theory,the article establish the hydrocarbon sealing dynamic model and mathematic model for shale cap rock of lithological reservoir. The models indicate that hydrocarbon breaking shale cap rock in lithological reservoir is a dynamics balance phenomenon. The impetuses include the formation pressure of reservoir and buoyant force. The resistances include the formation pressure of shale cap rock and capillary pressure. Following the restoration of the paleoporosity and paleoburial depth,the impetus and resistance of hydrocarbon breaking shale cap rock in oil pool forming period can be contrasted,and the cap formation sealing capability evolution can be quantitatively study. From the application of the models,we can found that the Sangonghe group and Xishanyao group of Jurassic System lack effective mudstone cap rock in the end of Jurassic. The effective mudstone cap rock is existing in lowermiddle part of Sangonghe group and the sealing ability of Xishanyao group is very generalized in the end of Cretaceous.
 

Key wordsLithological reservoir   Hydrocarbon sealing dynamic model   Dynamic balance   The critical state of hydrocarbon breaking   
收稿日期: 2009-05-06; 出版日期: 2010-07-25
引用本文:   
. 2010, 岩性圈闭盖层封闭动力学模型及其应用研究. 地质科学, 45(03): 777-788.
. Hydrocarbon sealing dynamic model research and application for shale cap rock of lithological reservoir[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2010, 45(03): 777-788.
 
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[1] 孙龙德, 周新源, 王国林. 塔里木盆地石油地质研究新进展和油气勘探主攻方向[J]. 地质科学, 2005, (2): 167-178.
 
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