The formation of peripheral foreland basin may provide a straightway estimate for the initiation age of the continental collision and record robust the following tectonic evolution of the orogen. In this study，we focus on three foreland basin systems related to the IndiaAsia collision，from north to south，these include the Gangdese retroarc foreland basin，Tsangpo peripheral foreland basin and the southern Himalaya Siwalik foreland basin respectively，which developed during pre，syn and post collision between the Asian plate and the Indian plate. A synthetic analysis of sedimentary strata and detrital zircon provenance in each foreland basin system are presented here. It is suggested that there is a retroarc foreland basin located along the entire length of the northern Gangdese arc，rather than an extensional basin widely accepted by previous researchers. It is also popularly received that there is a peripheral foreland basin located along the entire length of the sub Himalaya as result of flexual loading of the high Himalaya. The foreland sediments are composed of upper OligoMiocene and younger alluvial strata and the lower PaleoceneEocene Marine strata. The upper part deposits in the foredeep depozone，and the lower one deposits in the backbulge depozone may belong to a foreland basin in the northern of Himalaya. Compare with the almost continuous intact Gangdese retroarc and Siwalik foreland basin，the newly found syncollision Yalutsangpo foreland basin was fragmented by the Hiamalayan foldthrust systems，which composed of many small relic basins scattered in the Tethyan Himalaya and less Himalaya synclines，such as SagaGangzi Basin，GangbaDingri Basin，Central Nepal Basin and Siang valley basin. The research progresses on the three above foreland basins in the GangdeseHimalayan orogen belt enormously promote our understanding about the subduction processes of the NeoTethys Ocean and the following collision between India and Asia. The development of the Gangdese retroarc foreland basin and related thrust belt during～140～90 Ma caused shortening and possibly an uplift response to crustal thickening in Gangdese arc； the Tsangpo foreland basin provides an estimate for the initiation age of the IndoAsian collision in south central Tibet at～65 Ma； and the Himalayan foreland basin constrains the Himalayan orogen began to rise at least from 40 Ma ago，which resulting in rapid erosion in the mountain and related clastic accumulation in the foredeep depozone.