Cratonic basins are the most stable and the most long-lived basins, and also the most important geological record of long-term vertical deformation in the crust and mantle. The prototype area of the largest super cratonic basin in geological history usually exceeds 200×104 km2. Therefore, they are regarded as the most significant representatives when studying the origin and evolution of cratonic basins. Research around the world can identify more than 10 super cratonic basins during geologic time. According to the property of basinal basement and the super-continent tectonic evolution of the basin development, the super-cratonic basins can be divided into the A-type and the B-type basins, which would be represented by the West Siberian Basin and the Congo Basin respectively. The A-type basins are formed when the supercontinent exists stably until initial factures begin, overlying on earlier orogenic belt. This kind of basins are of short wavelength, whose shapes are highly irregular and the internal homogeneity are relatively low. The craton basin margin may gradually change with the interaction with back-arc basin or foreland basin. The B-type basins are formed at the end of break-up of supercontinent （at the beginning of the convergence of the next supercontinent）, with the basement being the paleocentonian continent block. This kind of basins are long-wavelength and in the shape of symmetrical wide plate. The A-type basins, located on top of short lived hot mantle plume, experienced the early rifting and subsequent thermal attenuation. And the long-term subsidence of the B-type basins, often sited between the hot spot and topography high, have been under the control of mantle subsidence.