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地质科学  2018, Vol. 53 Issue (2): 739-748    DOI: 10.12017/dzkx.2018.041
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风化面、荒漠漆及地衣在岩矿表面对高光谱遥感的影响
王珊珊1,2,3 周可法1,2,3 周曙光1,2,3 陈艺超2,3
  1. 荒漠与绿洲生态国家重点实验室,中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所  乌鲁木齐 830011
  2. 中国科学院新疆矿产资源研究中心  乌鲁木齐 830011
  3. 新疆矿产资源与数字地质重点实验室  乌鲁木齐 830011
Effects of weathering, desert-varnish and lichens of rock surface on hyperspectral remote sensing
Wang Shanshan1, 2, 3 Zhou Kefa1, 2, 3 Zhou Shuguang1, 2, 3 Chen Yichao2, 3
  1. State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi  830011
  2. Xinjiang Research Center for Mineral Resources, Ürümqi 830011
  3. Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources and Digital Geology, Ürümqi 830011
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摘要 

地表风化产生的表面覆盖层、风吹送的尘埃、胶结物或附着物在岩矿表面形成的外壳是影响地表高光谱遥感识别和反演的重要和关键因素。本研究区位于干旱缺水的新疆西准噶尔包古图地区,对岩矿表面的风化面、胶结物形成的荒漠漆、附着于岩面的地衣和原岩的新鲜面进行了波谱测定分析、X射线荧光元素分析和光薄片镜下观察。结果表明:该地区的大部分岩石表面有风化层覆盖,主要为物理风化,少部分岩石表面发生了化学风化;荒漠漆波谱在可见光波段改变原岩本身的波谱形态,但在短波红外波段,保持原岩波谱特征只改变了反射率大小,并不影响对原岩矿物质的高光谱探测;地衣附着于岩表的波谱特征不仅改变了波谱反射率,还完全改变了原岩的波谱形态,对原岩表面波谱有混淆干扰作用。岩矿表面的研究是波谱测量从实验室走向野外实际应用的基础,也是利用高光谱遥感技术直接进行矿物识别、相似矿物的区分以及提取矿物含量和化学成分研究的最初和关键一步。

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王珊珊 周可法 周曙光 陈艺超
关键词波谱分析   表面风化   荒漠漆   去包络线分析     
Abstract

The surface wreathing produces coatings, the coating formed form adherence of wind-bore dust, the cemented coating and attachments on rock surface are the importance keys of reflectance spectra of the terrain. This research had carried on the weathering and fresh of typical mineral rock, desert-varnish and lichens by the ASD field spectral radiometer, X-ray fluorescence analysis and microscopic photographs observation in Baogutu western Junggar, Xinjiang. The study found that: most of the region had weathered rock surface, which mainly happened the physical weathering, but few of rock surface had the chemical weathering, which changed the mineral composition and content; in visible wavelengths, the wavelength was changed by desert-varnish, however, in the short wavelengths especially its composite band and CO3-2, the spectral form didn't change only on different reflectance, which did not affect the high spectrum detection of rock minerals; spectral characteristics of lichen shows basic spectral characteristics of vegetation, completely changed the rock substrate surface spectral curve, and it should be noted that the interference effect of lichen on mineral lithology in hyperspectral remote sensing.

Key wordsSpectrum analysis   Surface weathering   Desert-varnish   Continuum removed   
收稿日期: 2017-08-10;
基金资助:

国家自然科学青年基金项目(编号:41402296、国家联合基金重点支持项目(编号:U1503291、自治区重点实验室开放课题(编号:2016D03006和自治区科技计划重大专项(编号:201330121-2、3资助。

作者简介: 王珊珊,女,1982年5月生,博士,遥感信息和地质遥感专业。E-mail:wangss0509@163.com
引用本文:   
王珊珊 周可法 周曙光 陈艺超. 2018, 风化面、荒漠漆及地衣在岩矿表面对高光谱遥感的影响. 地质科学, 53(2): 739-748.
Wang Shanshan Zhou Kefa Zhou Shuguang Chen Yichao. Effects of weathering, desert-varnish and lichens of rock surface on hyperspectral remote sensing[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2018, 53(2): 739-748.
 
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