The relationship between the Dabashan structural belt on the north of the South China block and the Xuefengshan structural belt in the central part of the South China block has been an important issue of the intracontinental deformation for the South China block. Xianglongshan anticline, which locates between the Dabashan structural belt and the Xuefengshan structural belt, records important information of this issue. This study analyzed the geometry, kinematics and mechanism for the Xianglongshan anticline by the interpretation of the newest seismic profiles and the analyzing of the geological map, cross sections. The conclusions are as follows: 1）the Xianglongshan anticline is a short axis anticline with a wide, flat top and short limbs. There is a structural nose on the southwest side of the anticline; 2）the kinematic model of the Xianglongshan anticline is a composite model with a fault bend fold in lower part and a structural wedge in part, and its deformation was influenced by the stacking of basement material; 3）the Xianglongshan anticline formed during the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous, and was modified during the Paleogene. The two deformation periods correspond to the two stages for the formation of the Xianglongshan anticline. In the north-south direction, the Xianglongshan anticline is shortened 11.4 km, and the shortening rate is 22.7%; 4）the formation of the Xianglongshan anticline was caused by the compressional stress from the Xuefengshan structural belt and the stacking force from the Dabashan structural belt in the north, and the lateral deformation is possibly due to the uplift of the Tibet Plateau in the western part of China.