地质科学
     首页 | 过刊浏览 |  本刊介绍 |  编委会 |  投稿指南 |  期刊征订 |  留言板 |  批评建议 |  联系我们 |  English
地质科学  2016, Vol. 51 Issue (2): 309-328    DOI: 10.12017/dzkx.2016.001
论文 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索  |   
沉积盆地动力学的研究现状、问题与展望
何登发
中国地质大学(北京) 北京 100083
Present state, scientific key points, and prospection of study on sedimentary basin geodynamics
He Dengfa
China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083
 全文: PDF (1096 KB)   HTML( )   输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      背景资料
摘要 沉积盆地动力学研究沉积盆地在地质历史时期的地质结构特征、成因机制及其对成矿、成藏的控制作用, 是地球动力学研究的重要组成部分.30多年来, 沉积盆地动力学经历了沉积盆地的板块构造分类与构造环境解释、盆地动力学的兴起, 盆地综合建模与盆地系统动力学3个发展阶段; 在沉积盆地的深部构造背景、盆—山关系、沉降机制、充填模式及其对能源、矿产的控制方面取得重要进展.目前, 在对不同层次、不同尺度、不同机制的盆地动力学综合分析, 全3-D和4-D盆地动力学模型的构建与检验, 及学术界与工业界的充分结合等方面面临重要挑战.需解决一系列关键科学问题: 沉积盆地的深部结构、过程与盆地形成; 沉积盆地的构造—气候古地理; 多旋回沉积盆地叠合动力学过程与原型盆地演化; 叠合盆地复合成矿(藏)系统流体运聚及其资源、能源效应等.基于大数据综合集成、多学科交叉渗透、观测技术与分析方法的不断进步与完善, 盆地动力学将在其结构构造、形成演化及其控矿(藏)的4-D综合模型方面取得突破, 并为人类社会、经济发展做出贡献.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
关键词沉积盆地动力学   板块构造   大陆流变学   4-D综合盆地模型   流体动力学   成矿(藏)效应     
Abstract: Sedimentary Basin dynamics study the characteristics of geological structures, genetic mechanism and its controls upon mineralization and oil-and-gas pool-formation of the basin in the geological history. It is an important composition of earth geodynamics. Since the last 30 years, it has passed three stages such as basin plate-tectonic classification and tectonic setting interpretation, development of concept of basin dynamics and integrated basin modeling, and basin system dynamics. It made important advances in basin deep tectonic setting, coupling between basin and orogenic belt, subsidence mechanism, filling models and controls on energy, resources and mineral deposits. It at present meets great challenges at integrated and comprehensive analysis on different-sequential,-scale, and-mechanisms, establishment and test on full 3-D and 4-D basin dynamic models, as well as the full combination between research communities and industrial groups. The key scientific questions on sedimentary basin includes, the deep structure, process, and formation, the tectonic-climate paleo-geography, dynamic processes of superimposition of multi-cycle sedimentary basins and the proto-type basin evolution, and fluid migration and accumulation in the composite mineralization system or petroleum system in the superimposed basins and its impact upon resources and energy. Based upon integration and analyses of big data, multi-subjects interaction, and progresses in surveying techniques and analyzing methods, sedimentary basin dynamics is to make critical breakthroughs on 4-D integrated basin models on the basin structures and tectonics, formation and evolution, and its controlling effect on mineralization and hydrocarbon pool-formation, and give its contribution for advances in human society and economic development.
Key wordsSedimentary basin dynamics   Plate tectonics   Continental rheology   4-D integrated basin model   Fluid dynamics   Effect of mineralization and pool-formation   
收稿日期: 2016-01-10;
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目(编号: 41430316, 40739906, 41272237)资助

作者简介: 何登发,男,1967年12月生,博士,教授,构造地质学专业.E-mail:hedengfa282@263.net
引用本文:   
. 2016, 沉积盆地动力学的研究现状、问题与展望. 地质科学, 51(2): 309-328.
. Present state, scientific key points, and prospection of study on sedimentary basin geodynamics[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2016, 51(2): 309-328.
 
没有本文参考文献
[1] 罗 应 袁方林 金维浚 刘学龙 张昌振 刘欣雨 张 旗 余海军. 全球苦橄岩与太古宙科马提岩对比:全数据模式的启示[J]. 地质科学, 2018, 53(4): 1267-1284.
[2] 田嘉铖 季建清. 地球接受太阳辐射能量变化对板块构造影响的估算[J]. 地质科学, 2018, 53(4): 1499-1512.
[3] 郝春艳, 刘绍文, 王华玉, 王良书. 全球大地热流研究进展[J]. 地质科学, 2014, 49(3): 754-770.
[4] 赵宗举1,2 潘懋1 杨海军3 俞广4 徐云俊4. 塔里木盆地中-上奥陶统浊积岩物源分析及大地构造意义[J]. 地质科学, 2010, 45(03): 681-697.
 
版权所有 © 2009-2017 《地质科学》编辑部
地址:北京9825信箱  邮政编码:100029
电话:010-82998109  010-82998115