Sedimentary Basin dynamics study the characteristics of geological structures, genetic mechanism and its controls upon mineralization and oil-and-gas pool-formation of the basin in the geological history. It is an important composition of earth geodynamics. Since the last 30 years, it has passed three stages such as basin plate-tectonic classification and tectonic setting interpretation, development of concept of basin dynamics and integrated basin modeling, and basin system dynamics. It made important advances in basin deep tectonic setting, coupling between basin and orogenic belt, subsidence mechanism, filling models and controls on energy, resources and mineral deposits. It at present meets great challenges at integrated and comprehensive analysis on different-sequential,-scale, and-mechanisms, establishment and test on full 3-D and 4-D basin dynamic models, as well as the full combination between research communities and industrial groups. The key scientific questions on sedimentary basin includes, the deep structure, process, and formation, the tectonic-climate paleo-geography, dynamic processes of superimposition of multi-cycle sedimentary basins and the proto-type basin evolution, and fluid migration and accumulation in the composite mineralization system or petroleum system in the superimposed basins and its impact upon resources and energy. Based upon integration and analyses of big data, multi-subjects interaction, and progresses in surveying techniques and analyzing methods, sedimentary basin dynamics is to make critical breakthroughs on 4-D integrated basin models on the basin structures and tectonics, formation and evolution, and its controlling effect on mineralization and hydrocarbon pool-formation, and give its contribution for advances in human society and economic development.