银川盆地构造发展——深地震反射剖面揭示浅部地质与深部构造的联系

黄兴富, 酆少英, 高锐, 李文辉. 银川盆地构造发展——深地震反射剖面揭示浅部地质与深部构造的联系[J]. 地质科学, 2016, 51(1): 53-66. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2016.01.006
引用本文: 黄兴富, 酆少英, 高锐, 李文辉. 银川盆地构造发展——深地震反射剖面揭示浅部地质与深部构造的联系[J]. 地质科学, 2016, 51(1): 53-66. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2016.01.006
Huang Xingfu, Feng Shaoying, Gao Rui, Li Wenhui. Development of the Yinchuan Basin:Deep seismic reflection profile revealed the linkages between shallow geology and deep structures[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2016, 51(1): 53-66. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2016.01.006
Citation: Huang Xingfu, Feng Shaoying, Gao Rui, Li Wenhui. Development of the Yinchuan Basin:Deep seismic reflection profile revealed the linkages between shallow geology and deep structures[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2016, 51(1): 53-66. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0563-5020.2016.01.006

银川盆地构造发展——深地震反射剖面揭示浅部地质与深部构造的联系

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    作者简介:

    黄兴富,男,1989年7月生,博士研究生,地球探测与信息技术专业。E-mail:huangxfpj@163.com

    通讯作者: 酆少英,男,1967年12月生,博士,高级工程师,地球探测与信息技术专业。本文通讯作者。E-mail:fsy.ny@163.com
  • 中图分类号: P315.2

Development of the Yinchuan Basin:Deep seismic reflection profile revealed the linkages between shallow geology and deep structures

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    Corresponding author: Feng Shaoying
  • 横跨银川盆地北西西向的深地震反射剖面,清晰揭示了银川盆地边界断裂以及整个地壳的结构构造特征,这对研究具活动大陆裂谷性质的银川盆地浅-深构造关系具有重大的意义。贺兰山东麓山前断裂、黄河断裂作为银川盆地的西、东边界断裂,前者为一条缓倾斜、延伸至上、下地壳边界的犁式断裂,而后者则为一条切穿地壳并延伸进入上地幔的深大断裂。根据深地震反射剖面揭示的地壳结构特征,银川盆地浅部结构并非前人认为的"堑中堑"结构,而是表现为由一系列东倾犁式正断层控制的新生代断陷。略微下凹的Moho面几何形态以及厚2~3.2 km的层状强反射带为下地壳最显著的反射特征。Moho面深度与强反射带厚度变化趋势与银川盆地沉积厚度变化趋势几乎一致。本文认为,强反射带的成因可能是由源自地幔的基性岩浆以岩席状的形式底侵进入地壳底部造成的,而这部分形成强反射带的物质可能补偿了因银川盆地断陷而造成的地壳减薄,最终导致银川盆地之下Moho面并未像之前所认为的那样隆起。
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收稿日期:  2015-03-10
修回日期:  2015-09-21
刊出日期:  2016-01-25

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