The terrestrial planets are very similar in structure that consists of lithosphere and iron-rich core. They are simultaneous and homologous in thermal evolution history. Their mantles had been heated by gravity potential energy before very early, and then have been cooling with the attenuation of the radioactive thermal energy. However, their thermal evolution history is in a variety of ways that arise because of the differences of radius, viscosity and surface tectonics. Based on the equations of thermal convection and thermal conductivity, we computed the thermal evolution history of terrestrial planets under difference thermal physical condition. The results show that the mantle convection is the main way for heat elimination in terrestrial planets in their early thermal evolution. Large planet that has higher heat flow would loss more heat energy on its surface. Small planet that has fewer temperature descents and higher viscosity in mantle would have the poor convection ability, and thus began thermal conductive at an earlier epoch. The lithosphere of small planet would be thicker than that of large planet in the conductive situation. With the different physical conditions on upper boundary layer, the planetary would represent dissimilar thermal evolution modes. The differences thermal evolution modes among the terrestrial planets appear in our study are monotonic cooling mode, non-steady-state wave mode and overturn at regular intervals or periodicity mode. Martian mantle plume is closely related to Mars thermal dynamic evolution process. We set off from the Martian mantle thermal dynamic evolution model, and quantitatively calculated the mantle plume thermal dynamic evolution characteristics. Based on three dimensional numerical simulation of the spherical shell, we studied non-monotonic Martian mantle thermal evolution history, and mantle convection ring structure, as well as Martian terrain evolution.
. The study of the inner thermal physical conditions and their effect on the thermal evolution of terrestrial planets：An example for Martian mantle plume evolution[J]. Chinese Journal of Geology, 2014, 49(3): 739-753.