The Tanlu fault joins the Dabie orogenic belt on its eastern margin. There are ductile shear zones of NNE-NE trending of Tanlu fault system and EW trending of Dabie tectonic system in Guazhen(or Guachehe town) area, Tongcheng city, Anhui Province. Those ductile shear zones of two tectonic systems, which are ideal to research element migration in different deformation conditions, both develop mafic and felsic tectonites with deformation temperature of 400 ℃～450 ℃ and 600 ℃～700 ℃ respectively. Mass balance calculations suggest that volumes of felsic shear zones in Dabie tectonic system were almost constant while volume-loss of felsic shear zones in Tanlu fault system increased with the deformation intensity during ductile deformation, and mafic shear zones gained in volume during brittle-ductile deformation. The variations of REEs and trace elements in felsic tectonites were far lower than that of mafic tectonites, the former on the whole inherited chief feature of host rocks while the latter were remarkably different with that of host rocks. Under mix of mafic and felsic components, tectonite would mostly reveal the element migration features of mafic component. The kinds and rates of element migration in felsic rocks were positive correlation with intensity and temperature of the ductile shearing deformation. Therein, HREEs, MREEs and LREEs of volume-loss Tanlu fault system were respectively medium losses, little/no change and little gains, while REEs gains of isovolume Dabie tectonic system in turn increased from LREEs, MREEs to HREEs. In mafic tectonites, LREEs were largely gains and HREEs were medium losses. The volume loss is not the real reason for variation of REEs and trace elements in the shear zone. Based on restriction of host rocks and mineral alteration, the joint function of rock rheological differentiation and fluid filtration with high water/rock ratio is the predominant reason for element migration, and the latter was predominant under lower deformation temperature while the former was enhanced with increment of deformation temperature.