The gneiss in Shiqiao area are characterized by high SiO2(SiO2=75.22%～76.42%), low Al2O3(Al2O3=11.02%～12.29%), alkali-rich(Na2O+K2O=8.00%～8.68%)and low CaO(CaO=0.30%～0.82%). They are further characterized by enrichment in large-ion lithophile elements such as Rb, Ba, Th and U and depletion in high field-strength elements such as Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf and Ti. The concentration of rare earth elements(REE)is in the range 170.51×10-6～263.49×10-6. These rocks are enriched in light REE(LREE/HREE=6.06～7.14) and lack of obvious Eu negative anomaly(δEu=0.18～0.56). We yield the zircon U-Pb age of 254 Ma corresponding to the UHP time, and 217 Ma are retrograde time. Above all, a large number of allochthonous inherited zircon are formed in different times, which indicates the original rock of the Shiqiao gneiss should be sedimentary rocks and it may not be earlier than the Paleozoic era.