Thrust structures and positive inversion structures are both typical structure styles in the superimposition basins of western China. The physical simulation experiment is an effective method to study the geometries and the dynamics of the thrust structure(positive inversion structure).On the basis of consulting massive correlation data,this article summaries the development of these experiments,the present situation of the domestic and foreign studies including the theory,technique and transformation from 2D to 3D. At present,experiments of structural modeling have been widely applied to structural geology and petroleum structural geology as well as petroleum prospecting research,and it is one of the effective ways in which the oil/gas exploration research strides in semi-quantitative analysis and even the quantitative analysis from the qualitative description. This articleexpounds the large progress in the physical modeling of thrust structures and positive inversion structures:about the thrust structure physical simulation experiment,it introduces three aspects of progress,such asdoubly verge thrust wedges and thrust sheet,the affect of surficial process and layer-parallel shortening(LPS)and strain, at the aspect of positive inversion structure physical simulation experiment,it recommends the 3D model progress about the restriction of basement and reverse critical condition to the evolution of positive inversion structures. Simultaneity,it is believed in this article that the future development of physical simulation experiment should be combined tightly with numerical simulation,image and data acquisition technique. As an important media of researching the mechanism of structural mechanism,thrust tectonic physical modeling still has its insufficiency on the aspects of how the plastic deformation influence the thrust structures,how to reflect the modern structural geology,and how to mix chemicals in the simulation process,and so on. Furthermore,the experiments of structural modeling also face the problem of constructing advanced laboratories and finding new simulation technology.